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Using Research for Investigative Decision-Making.



Investigating involves identifying and addressing the issues by analyzing and collecting various forms of evidence. Typically, experience and training influence the investigation procedure. Investigators are taught how to analyze the scene and ask appropriate questions. This is reinforced and refined from real-world experiences.

However, the law enforcement agencies increasingly realize that their knowledge and training, and even collective experiences of a department or agency are not sufficient. Sometimes it is necessary to use additional tools to comprehend the context of a new situation, reduce bias, and avoid investigating “tunnel vision.”

Thus, many departments are showing an ever-growing interest in assisting with the policy of police and a strategic response through examining criminal activities.

An evidence-based police force (EBP) method provides law enforcement with a solid foundation to solve real-world problems by compiling and disseminating research initiatives focused on policing.1 Although EBP is extensively discussed in both the professional and academic literature on policing. It tends to concentrate on strategic policing and policies rather than behavioural or investigative research that is more centrally focused on solving specific crimes.

Research is generally systematic inquiry. It begins with a question and follows a procedure to determine the answer. The quest for answers is augmented by the scientific method that guarantees the validity of the first questions as well as the generalizability and reliable quality of the results.

Research in the field of behavioural and investigative is often sought-after by decision-makers who are savvy about research to tackle a specific issue or to be revealed by collaborating with other police institutions or an academic partner. In some instances, researchers are requested by researchers who believe their research is relevant to a current case.

Whatever source research comes from, the law enforcement decision-makers can best connect the dots between the research results and the direction an investigation takes. While research is an instrument which can provide immense benefit, it could also be misused. This is why it is crucial to understand the research process and how it can be applied to research.

Research Limitations

One of the most effective methods to assess a particular research project is to recognize its weaknesses. One could determine the effectiveness of the research by recognizing where the evidence is weak. It is essential to understand when to discard research findings and when they are not justifications for rejecting. Certain limitations can be accepted if they are recognized and considered when conducting analyses and making recommendations.

Critical Questions

In conducting studies, it’s essential to formulate critical questions. The focus should be on determining the limits of the research and addressing initial assumptions, the plan of the study, and how the results are interpreted. Critical questions are the opportunity to probe for possible limitations. Researchers may account for some, but others could have been ignored or intentionally concealed.

Five crucial questions can aid decision-makers in determining the research limits and the findings’ significance. Although these questions are offered within an environment of behaviour or investigational research, these questions are essential to consider when considering any research.

  • What is the objective of this study?
  • What’s being requested?
  • What is the question being demanded?
  • What’s essential about the findings of the research?
  • What can and can’t be done by the result?

Each of these questions will be explained in greater depth below. In each of the questions are ideas that law enforcement decision-makers might be interested in considering when evaluating the research. Experiments can serve as examples. This article is not meant to evaluate or criticize particular research initiatives. Instead, it provides helpful tools law enforcement officials can use to draw the conclusions they want.

What Is the Purpose of the Research?

Knowing the reason for research is essential to understanding its motivation and what might influence the assumptions and biases that are initially made. Understanding the reason for research requires recognizing the kind of research being carried out and what it’s intended to accomplish.

Type of Research

The primary focus of research is comprehending the scope of a specific issue. For instance, gathering codes and collecting information from cases to investigate subjects such as “child abduction,” “computer hacking,” or “serial murder” is basic research. While it’s not used to resolve urgent problems, the primary research method is often used to define an event. It can also be utilized to formulate theories and construct models of a specific topic.

The basis of applied research is specific questions relating to particular issues. Implementing a clear list of issues is crucial to organizing the research goals and linking them to the actual world. In the context of investigative research, applied research may produce conclusions accompanied by guidelines and forecasts.

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Tom Cruise’s Tropic Thunder” Spin-Off Has a Script.



Now that the script has been written for the ‘Tropic Thunder” spinoff film starring Tom Cruise’s Les Grossman character, when will it be made, and will Cruise still be interested in it?

Tom Cruise was no longer famous for his roles in blockbuster films. Instead, he was criticized for his unpredictable behaviour and controversial views on hot-button subjects. Cruise devised a career strategy to help him return to the good graces of the moviegoers, despite concerns about his real life.

One part of the plan was to play a small but memorable role in Ben Stiller’s comedy/action Tropic Thunder. Stiller initially approached the cruise to play his agent, but he wanted to know if the filmmakers would be open to adding a studio head character to the story.

Stiller agreed, and together they created Les Grossman, a Harvey Weinstein-Esque hothead who took over nearly every scene he was in. Cruise revived the character for last year’s MTV Movie Awards. After another show-stealing performance, talk about a Les Grossman sequel movie began to heat up. However, there hasn’t been any news about the project since it seems that Paramount is still working on it.

MTV met Bill Hader, SNL’s host at the Comedy Awards and learned that Hader’s friend Michael Bacall had written the script. Bacall, an actor/writer, previously wrote Scott Pilgrim against the World. He is currently working on the Fright Night remake.

Hader refused to reveal details about the film’s plot but insisted that it was “gonna be great.” He explained that he knew the plot’s essential elements, but he and Bacall only discussed particular scenes while they were being written. Although Hader doesn’t know when Les Grossman will be back on the big screen, this shows there is more to the project than idle chatter.

A Les Grossman spinoff movie was not something that I was excited about. His scenes in Tropic Thunder were funny, and I believe the character is excellent as a supporting role – but I don’t think I have the time to spend 90 minutes with him. The film will be much more than a string of vulgarities and hip-hop dance moves, but I am sure it would. Grossman would have to be given at least one or two redeeming characteristics before they could build a story around him.

Many others have pointed out that the real issue is whether Tom Cruise still needs the character. Although his career isn’t in the best shape, he’s definitely in a better place than four years ago. He is working on Mission: Impossible: Ghost Protocol and recently joined Adam Shankman’s Rock of Ages cast. He has expressed an interest in appearing in Oblivion, the sci-fi film by Joseph Kosinski (TRON: Legacy).

Cruise has plenty of options and variety in his career. I don’t think a Tropic Thunder spinoff will likely be short. However, the good news for Les Grossman fans is that the project sounds ready to go if he still wants it.

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Tom Cruise is open to Reprising His Tropic Thunder Role.



Over the years, Tom Cruise has been seen in various roles, including Top Gun: Maverick and Mission: Impossible 2. He recently suggested that if he were to revive another character from his filmography, Les Grossman could be back from Tropic Thunder. Although the surface is a parody of movie executives, it’s unlikely that he would be the main focus of a feature film. However, he has previously appeared in the role on MTV, and it seems like he would not mind playing the part for the right opportunity. Maverick is the next Top Gun movie.

“I don’t know. Cruise spoke out about other roles he would like to reprise at Top Gun: Maverick’s premiere. “I don’t know what I am doing at the moment. I’m enjoying the night, but I must finish Mission: Impossible 2nd. I am enjoying this evening, and I will put away all my Mission stuff for a moment to breathe tonight.

The coronavirus pandemic delayed Maverick. Production on Mission: Impossible: Dead Reckoning Part One also suffered setbacks. However, the show wrapped up last fall. Although those projects may be over, Maverick started production on Mission: Impossible: Dead Reckoning Part Two earlier in the year. Its massive scope and size likely required another long shooting schedule.

Top Gun: Maverick “After more than thirty years of service, Pete ‘Maverick” Mitchell (Tom Cruise) is back where he belongs. He pushes the limits as a brave test pilot and avoids the rank advancement that would make him unfit for duty. Maverick finds himself training a group of Top Gun pilots for a specialized mission unlike any other. He meets Lt. Bradley Bradshaw (Miles Teller), Maverick’s friend and Radar Intercept Officer, Lt. Nick Bradshaw (aka ‘Goose), who calls him ‘Rooster’. Maverick faces an uncertain future, confronts his ghosts and is forced to face his deepest fears. The mission will require the greatest sacrifice of those chosen to fly it.

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What is the process behind Grubhub?



What does the food delivery service can offer to restaurants, customers and drivers

Grubhub is a well-known food delivery service that’s been operating since. As per the firm, the service can process more than 745,000 orders per day from over 320,000 restaurant partners. In addition, it has around 32 million users.

However, Grubhub has many moving parts. It isn’t just a company that works with customers but works with restaurants as well as manages local driver fleets to deliver the food.

How does Grubhub work to benefit customers?

Customers are at the centre of the Grubhub business model. Customers utilize a mobile application (iOS and Android) and their Grubhub website to place orders and pay payments.

After using the app or the website to sign up for an account and input the payment details, customers can look up through the menus or look for eateries within the area and then make an order by choosing items and placing them in the cart. After that, they can checkout, select the payment method and monitor the order’s progress until it is delivered. Grubhub typically charges a delivery fee in addition to what the eatery sets.

What is the process? Grubhub functions for restaurants

Naturally, Grubhub is dependent on restaurants. Additionally, it expands the accessibility of restaurants by allowing businesses to provide delivery, even though the restaurant has traditionally offered dining-in services. The partnership also will enable restaurants to use Grubhub to provide a delivery platform instead of hiring and managing their delivery staff.

Restaurants can begin their journey with Grubhub by submitting their application to be accepted on the Grubhub for Restaurants section of the Grubhub website. After acceptance, Grubhub works with restaurants to integrate their menus prices, menus, and other information on the app and the website.

When a client places the order, it shows on the dashboard of the Grubhub app for restaurants. The restaurant then confirms the order and prepares the food items for delivery. The food is delivered as soon as the driver has arrived, and the restaurant’s portion of the process is completed.

To partner with Grubhub, restaurants complete a form on the Grubhub website. Dave Johnson

Grubhub gets a small portion of the restaurant’s earnings to support this workflow, including a processing and marketing fee and a percentage of the total cost for the purchase. Since Grubhub orders cost restaurants more, some restaurants offer additional charges for delivery online than those who dine in.

How does Grubhub work for drivers?

The driving job offered by Grubhub is part of the current “gig market,” meaning you can choose to become a Grubhub driver as your primary source of income or help supplement your other job. Drivers can begin by applying the Grubhub for Drivers section of the Grubhub website. To be a qualified driver, you must, at minimum, have a vehicle (or, in certain areas, bikes are acceptable) as well as a driver’s licence as well as auto insurance (or identification from the state, in the case of a bike) as well as an iPhone.

Drivers receive training through Grubhub and have the option to determine their working hours. When they arrive at their job, the drivers are informed via the app whenever orders are available at a nearby restaurant. The driver accepts the delivery, then goes into the establishment, where they wait for food, if needed and then delivers the food to the customer following the directions to drive on the app. Alongside the base, delivery charge drivers are also eligible to receive tips which customers may add to the payment information in the application.

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